Destructive Chewing

Last updated: January 24, 2013

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Animal Training and Behaviour CentreCartoon dog chewing a bone

Dogs, especially puppies are extremely playful and investigative. While play with people and other dogs is an important part of socialisation and social development, exploration and object play are important ways for dogs to learn about their environment. Therefore it is a normal behaviour for puppies to investigate their environment by sniffing, tasting and perhaps chewing on objects throughout the home.

Dogs that chew may also be scavenging for food (as in garbage raiding), playing (as in chewing apart a book or couch), teething (dogs three to six months of age that chew often chew on household objects), or satisfying a natural urge to chew and gnaw (which may serve to help keep teeth and gums healthy).

Some dogs may chew because they receive attention (even if it is negative) or treats from the owners each time they chew, and the owners are inadvertently rewarding the behaviour. Chewing and destructive behaviours may also be a response to anxiety. Dogs that are confined in areas where they are insecure may dig and chew in an attempt to escape. Dogs that are in a state of conflict, arousal or anxiety, such as separation anxiety, may turn to chewing and other forms of destructiveness as an outlet.

How Can Chewing Be Treated?

Border collie chewing a toy in the grass

First, determine why your dog is chewing. Determining the cause and motivation for chewing is essential in developing a treatment strategy. Directing the chewing into appealing alternatives, sufficient play and exercise, and prevention of inappropriate chewing are needed for the exploratory dog. You must ensure that you are not inadvertently rewarding the behaviour. Inattention or disruption devices may be useful for these dogs. If your dog is a puppy this behaviour may decrease in time, provided you direct the chewing to proper outlets.

Dogs that are garbage raiding or food stealing need to be treated by supervision and prevention, since the behaviour itself is self-rewarding. Dogs that are destructive to escape confinement must learn to become comfortable and secure with the crate or room where they are to be confined. Alternatively a new confinement area may have to be chosen. Dogs that are destructive as an outlet for anxiety will need to have the cause of the anxiety diagnosed, and the problem appropriately treated.

How Can Proper Chewing Be Encouraged?

Before considering how inappropriate chewing might be discouraged the real key is to provide some appropriate outlets for your dog’s chewing “needs.” Begin with a few toys with a variety of tastes, odours, and textures to determine what appeals most to the pet.

Although plastic, nylon or rubber toys may be the most durable, products that can be torn apart such as rawhide or pig’s ears may be more like the natural prey and wood products that attract most dogs. Coating toys with liver or cheese spread or peanut butter may also increase their desirability.

The Kong is a durable chew toy, but its appeal can be greatly enhanced by placing a piece of cheese or liver inside and then filling it tight with biscuits. Placing soup items or food into the Kong and freezing it, or freezing food items in “Popsicle” makers and placing them in the dogs’ food bowl may provide a longer durability to the treats.

Numerous other play toys are also available that provide a means for stuffing food or treats inside, so that the dog has to “work” to get its reward. To ensure that your puppy is encouraged and rewarded for chewing on his/her toys, and discouraged from chewing on all other objects, he/she must be supervised at all times. Whenever supervision is not possible, you must prevent access to any object or area that might be chewed. Although play periods and chew toys may be sufficient for most pets, additional activities such as self-feeders, other pets, interactive toys, and even videos may help to keep pets occupied.

How Can My Dog’s Activity Be Reduced?

The needs of most dogs are usually satisfied with daily work and play sessions. Games such as hide and seek, retrieving, catching a ball/frisbee, jogging, or even long walks are often an acceptable alternative to work and allow the dog an opportunity to expend unused energy, and provide regular attention periods.

Obedience training, agility or flyball classes and teaching your dog a few tricks are not only pleasant interactive activities for you and your dog, but they also provide some stimulation and “work” to the dog’s daily schedule.

How Can I Stop My Dog Chewing on Household Objects?

Ask yourself what you would prefer your dog to be doing instead of chewing (i.e. playing with toys, laying quietly).

Firstly manage the situation by preventing access to all areas that your dog might chew unless you are there to supervise. Do not let your dog practice destructive behaviour.

Give your dog lots of appropriate toys that can be chewed, and make them highly rewarding. Praise him/her for playing with the appropriate toys.

Teach your dog to enjoy toys when you are absent by stepping out of the room briefly after giving him/her a toy, and returning and praising him/her.

Gradually increase the amount of time you are absent from the room. Until you can leave him/her quietly for the length of time you are absent.

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  • Queensland: call the RSPCA Animal Training & Behaviour Centre for further information in regard to courses available on (07) 3426 9928.
  • Victoria: for any information on training and behaviour in Victoria call Amanda Murcutt on 92242521.
  • West Australia: call the RSPCA PawsCentral Adoption Centre for further information about courses available near you on (08) 9209-9309 or visit the RSPCA WA website.
  • NSW: Information is available on the RSPCA NSW website.
  • Australian Capital Territory: Information is available on the RSPCA ACT website.
  • South Australia: Contact information is available on the RSPCA SA website.
  • Northern Territory: Contact information is available on the RSPCA Darwin website.
  • Tasmania: Training is available at the Hobart Animal Care Centre in Mornington. Go to the RSPCA Tasmania website for further information.

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